#3 sustainable development

Fait avec Padlet

#2 Social inequality

Go to this padlet and...

 

1/ use the different informations you can find about social inequality

2/ choose one inequality  : 

  • poverty in the U.S
  • poverty in the U.K.
  • poverty  in an another English speaking country
  • gender inequality at work
  • gender inequality at home
  • gender inequality in the medias
  • gender inequality in advertisements
  • the glass ceiling
  • health inequality : obesity
  • health inequality : life espectancy
  • Children and poverty
  • Inequality and Youth
  • inequality and leisures
  • inequality and education
  • The One Percent
  • inequality and minorities
  • a topic of your choice ?

3/ create your own padlet about your topic

4/ present it orally ! 

two main ideological views on the best way to deal with wealth and health inequalities.

There are two main ideological views on the best way to deal with wealth and health inequalities.

  • One is that individuals should take primary responsibility.

This means people should aim to make their own provision wherever possible in terms of housing, healthcare, education and retirement. Individualists argue the government does not have the resources to provide for all groups and that extended state support encourages dependency.

 

  • The other view is for increased state support in the provision of welfare.

Collectivists believe too many people lack the means or ability to provide for their welfare and so state provision is the fairest and most effective way of meeting need and creating a better society.




How to record yourself with your mobile and convert the audio file ?

1. record yourself with your mobile

2. mail you the audio file

3. download it

4. go to http://online-audio-converter.com/fr/ 

5. upload your file and convert it into MP3 format

6. Download it

7. Mail this file.mp3 to me : gurunes@laposte.net


#1 - Sources of the economic growth

Economic growth : go further...

A/ Key ideas : the economic growth... to what end ?!

The economic growth is a long-term expansion of a country's productive potential. It is measured by the gowth rate, which is the percentage change of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) between two years.

1/ Scarcity – the condition we face with limited resources to satisfy unlimited wants, which compels us to choose among alternatives.

 

2/ Economic growth raises standards of living, even in the continuing face of scarcity.

 

3/ The history of world economic growth raises important questions about the ability of nations to deal with the ever-present problem of scarcity:

 

  • Why are some countries rich and others poor? The cross-sectional evidence shows a fairly wide disparity in per capita income between countries.
  • Why have some countries experienced economic growth and others have not? That is, looking back over a country’s history, what factors have led to economic growth?
  • Why are some countries growing rapidly today and others are not, even though they may have experienced significant growth in the past?
  • What can be done to promote economic growth and reduce poverty, and respect the environment ? How can the growth be sustainable ?

 

4/ Economic growth is a sustained increase in a nation’s production of goods and services.

 

  • Increases in productivity, as the result of investments in human and physical capital, raise incomes and standards of living.
  • Innovation, technological advances, and education are the major sources of increases in productivity.

 

 

5/ Institutions matter for economic growth. Nations that experience economic growth have established institutions that provide incentives for innovation and technological advance. Nations with stagnant economies where poverty persists lack the institutional incentives that encourage growth and increases in productivity.

 

Institutional arrangements define the formal and informal rules of the game that govern how people interact. These arrangements shape incentives and outline expected and acceptable forms of behavior in social interaction.

 

The institutions that foster growth and economic development include:

 

  • Open Markets – “Trade creates wealth.”
  • Property Rights – “Rights of ownership facilitate exchange.”
  • Rule of Law – “Consistent legal arrangements applied uniformly encourage long-term investment.”
  • Entrepreneurship and Innovation – “Increasing the gains from creative endeavors adds to economic activity.”

 

 

6/ Economic growth creates benefits throughout the economy.

 

Economic growth expands a nation’s productive capacity.

 

Historically, all segments of the economy have benefited from economic growth; hence the rise of the middle class.

 

 

Ideas To Take Away From This Lesson

 

  • Scarcity forces us to choose among alternatives.
  • Economic growth gives us more to choose from, and raises standards of living.
  • Certain institutions and institutional arrangements encourage economic growth and this growth improves the human condition, by reducing infant mortality, lengthening lives, reducing hunger, improving environmental quality, cutting the incidence of debilitating diseases, etc.

 


Télécharger
Apply and test yourself!
1. Read this article about the growth in the USA.
2. Make your comments in the margin
3. Sum it up schematically.
article_economist_us_growth_2016.pdf
Document Adobe Acrobat 314.6 KB

B/ GDP is often used to measure the growth

What is GDP ?

How to calculate growth rates thanks to the GDP ? 

Assets of the GDP ? 

Drawbacks of the GDP ? 


Go further !

And what about the Election day ?

Let's whatch this Jon Cozart's video, and try to understand what are the main differences between the 2 main candidates.

But.. Who is this third character ?!

Télécharger
Lesson and lyrics
TheElectionDayLessonLLG.pdf
Document Adobe Acrobat 510.4 KB

What do you think of this economic analysis of the 2016 United States presidential debate ? Do you agree ?


What are the pros and cons of Trump's economic plan ?

1/ compare your ideas with a mate

2/ choose one of them and develope it:

 

reasoning :

  • what are the problems justifying that policy  ?
  • What are the likely  negative or positive effects  of such a policy ?

3/ Share :

Write your reasoning on our pad